Review of Educational Research. Multivariate summer school effects. Studies in Educational Evaluation.
Preventing the Summer Slide: How to Keep Catholic Students Reading All Summer Long
Making the most of summer school: A meta-analytic and narrative review. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Reading or math focused academic programs increase academic achievement for at-risk students more than general or minimally academic programs.
Impact of intensive summer reading intervention for children with reading disabilities and difficulties in early elementary school. Early opportunities to strengthen academic readiness: Effects of summer learning on mathematics achievement.
Expected Beneficial Outcomes
Gifted Child Quarterly. Effects of a summer learning program for students at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders. Education and Treatment of Children. Out-of-school-time programs: A meta-analysis of effects for at-risk students. Programs with a longer duration appear to have greater effects than shorter programs, although those with very high durations e.
Staff salaries comprise most of this cost. Students who receive free or reduced price school lunch during the school year, who may struggle with food insecurity during the summer months, can be offered breakfast and lunch through summer learning programs AYPF-SLPs Some programs such as the Breakthrough Collaborative, which has 24 locations throughout the US and one in Hong Kong, offer summer learning programs as well as afterschool programming during the academic year.
The Breakthrough model offers college undergraduates the opportunity to serve as teachers under the guidance of professional teachers, and program participation is available to middle and high school students from under-resourced communities Breakthrough. Wisconsin school districts may receive state support for summer learning programs that include academic instruction WI DPI-Summer. Characteristics of effective summer learning programs in practice. A recent study shows that the vocabulary gap is evident in toddlers.
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By 18 months, children in different socio-economic groups display dramatic differences in their vocabularies. To summarize, children from low-income families generally enter school with significantly fewer opportunities for vocabulary and language acquisition that will impact reading achievement and do not have access to programs, services, or activities in future summers to help make up for these early gaps. Moreover, every summer that passes without summer learning serves to widen the gap as the hours of lost time accumulate.
Summer learning programs
The gap only continues to widen year after year. In part two of this series, we will explore ways to prevent the summer slide. Alexander, K. Lasting consequences of the summer learning gap.
Summer Vacation: Important Insights for Reading Development – International Dyslexia Association
American Sociological Review, 72 , — Colker, Laura J. Several districts Chicago, for instance are also looking to expand learning time. Cost is of course a huge issue, but innovative models for expanding time using existing or modest extra resources exist for example, we profiled the Generation Schools model, which does just that. As a complement to school-based efforts, donors can also support high-quality, after-school programs that partner with schools serving low-income children, and expand quality learning time that way.